The sector of organic food has been gaining momentum over the past two decades: revenue from sales of organic products have increased almost fivefold since 1999, with global sales of organic food and drink reaching US$72 billion in 2013, and the Organic Monitor predicts further growth in coming years. And all of us understand why this sector is significant. More and more consumers choose to forgo conventionally grown and processed food and drinks in favour of pricier but “purer” alternatives.
What we do not know is which countries are the most concerned about healthy and organic food.
But that’s ok! In this article we will try to make a map of the most organic countries in the world!
In 2013, the International Federation of Organic Agriculture (IFOAM) and Europe-based Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL) investigated the amount, proportion and output of agricultural land devoted to organic farming in 179 countries across the globe which market has a value production of 75 billion euro.
The top three consumer countries for market value (in billions of euros) in 2015 were:
- USA (€35.9 bn)
- Germany(€8.6 bn)
- France (€5.5 bn)
More than two million producers: in 2015, 2.4 million organic producers were reported. India continues to be the country with the highest number of producers (585’200), followed by Ethiopia (203’602), and Mexico (200’039).
- India has 650,000 organic farmers. It has 0.7 million hectares under organic cultivation, and ranks second in Asia, next to China that has 1.9 million hectares under organic cultivation. Organic cultivation accounts for 0.4% of total agriculture. 210,000 hectares of land were added to organic farming in 2014 alone. Besides growers, India has nearly 700 organic processors and exporters.
- Ethiopia is the African country with the largest number of organic farmers (203,602), as well as the leader in the region in terms of the extent of land under organic cultivation, with more than 240,000 hectares of the same. Its organic farms make up 1.7% of its total agricultural area. It is one of the largest producer of coffee in Africa.
- 200,039 of Mexico’s farmers are organic cultivators, collectively using 2.3% of farming area in Mexico for organic operations. Besides growers, Mexico has nearly 100 organic processors. There are 166,000 organic farmers, and a few processors, and exporters in Philippines. The land under farming makes up 0.9% of farming area.
What about the trends for the future?
Currently, Europe and North America generate more than 90 percent of global organics sales, with the US, Germany and France the world’s largest individual markets and Switzerland, Denmark and Luxembourg having the highest per-capita organics consumption. Denmark is the world leader in organics market share, with eight percent. But those things are going to change because other countries are increasing their organic food production: China, Australia and New Zealand just to name a few.